Islamic Studies Paper2 2019

Question 5

Discuss the significance of the Prophtet’s Hijrah from Makkah to Madinah.



Despite the question being popular among the candidates, their performance was below average. It tested the candidates’ knowledge on the significance of Hijrah from Makkah to Madinah but majority of the candidates treated the importance of Hijrah as a whole. Few of the candidates that answered this question understood its demands and scored high marks. The question demanded from the candidates to comment as follows:

The Hijrah of the Prophet (S.A.W.) took place in the year 622 C.E. (Introduction).


  • The migration of the Prophet was divinely inspired as a result of the persecutions suffered in Makkah from the Quraysh.

  • Prior to the migration, the Yathribites invited the Prophet to Yathrib and assured him of adequate protection.

  • It brought about the end of persecutions and oppressions.

  • It eventually led to the establishment of an Islamic State in Madinah.

  • It gave allowance for other pillars of Islam such as Ṣawm, Zakāt and Hajj to be institutionalized.

  • The migration gave a better opportunity for the Prophet to spread Islam beyond the frontiers of Arabia.

  • The city of Makkah was eventually captured.

  • The Hijrah marked a turning point in the history of Islam.

  • It marked the beginning of the Islamic calendar.

  • The name of the city was changed from Yathrib to Madinah.

  • Muhammad (S.A.W.) was officially recognised as the Prophet of Allah.

  • The Hijrah showcased the fraternity between the Anṣār and the Muhājirūn.

  • As a result of the unity, the Muslims became more powerful and victorious at wars.