Clothing/Textile Paper 2, May/June. 2010  
Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Main
General Comments







Question 2

(a) State one point to consider when choosing each of the following equipment:
        (i)        tape measure;
        (ii)       sewing machine;
        (iii)      work table;
        (iv)      dressmaker's pins
        (v)       cutting out shears;
(b) State one point on the care of each of the equipment mentioned in (a) above
( c) State the use of each of the following needlework tools:
        (i)        tracing wheel
        (ii)       stiletto;
        (iii)      bodkin:
        (iv)      magnet;
        (v)       thimble.


This question was very well answered by the candidates.

The required answers to the questions are as follows:

(a) (i) Points to consider when choosing tape measure

  • Well marked on both sides, in centimeter inches.
  • should have a metal tab at each end
  • strong and firm
  • Fabric should not stretch
  • Should not fray

 (ii) Points to consider when choosing Sewing machine

  • Choose a reliable durable make
  • Spare parts should be easily available.
  • Regular maintenance from the agents should be readily available.
  • It should be suitable for the purpose.
  • Buy the one you can easily operate
  • Buy the best your money can afford
  • Money available.

           (iii)      Work table

  • Smooth and flat surfaces
  • Wide enough for the fabric (for laying out)
  • Height should be such that the worker can stand.
  • Accessible from all four comers
  • No high polished surfaces to avoid fabric sliding
  • Be strong and stable.


(iv) Points to consider when choosing Cutting out shears

  •  One rounded blade and one curve well pointed blade stainless steel
    should be considered.
  • The blade should be sharp
  • Must be of good quality.

        (vi)      Points to consider when choosing Dress maker's pins

  • Steel pins - stainless is preferable
  • Sharp and fine
  • Avoid rusty pins.

(b)      Care of the following equipment:
(i) Sewing machine

  • Remove all threads, pins etc
  • Stop the motion of the needle when not in use.
  • Remove plug from the electric socket.
  • Cover the machine when not in use.
  • Never use while any part of it is loose.
  • Oil the machine according to manufacturer's instructions.

           (ii).      Work table

  • Keep clean.
  • Do not eat on cutting table
  • Clean according to nature of the surface
  • Avoid scratching the surface with pins, tracing wheel and scissors.

(iii). Cutting out shears

  • Use only for cutting fabrics, not paper
  • Keep dry to avoid rusting  
  • Place in it
  • Oil the screw when not in use
  • .place in its cover when not in use
  • Avoid dropping so that tips will not chip or blades go out of alignment;
  • Tighten loose screw

(iv). Tape measure

  • Keep the tape rolled when not in use.
  • Do not snip the edge when measuring lengths of material.
  • Cut tapes should not be used.

                       (v).      Care of dressmaker's pins

  • Keep pins in a box lined with paper
  • Put in air tight containers and add white talcum or dusting powder to avoid rust
  • Keep in pin cushion while working.

                       G)      Uses of Equipment

  • Tracing wheel: It is used with carbon paper for transferring markings from patterns to fabric.
  • Used in pattern adaption for transferring construction lines.

                      (ii)       Stiletto:

  • It is used for eyelet making
  • For removing tacking threads.

                      (iii)      Bodkin: used for threading, ribbon, tapes, core and elastic.
                      (iv)      Magnet: It is used for picking pins and needles.
                      (v)       Thimble: It is used to protect the middle finger while sewing with needles or using pins.


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