Civic Education Paper 2, May/June 2014  
Questions: 1 2 3 4   Main
General Comments

Question 3

Question 3:     (a) What is the meaning of Universal Declaration of Human Rights  
(b) Highlight any six rights or freedoms in the Universal Declaration of
      Human Rights of 1948.

This question was quite unpopular. The very few candidates who attempted it performed poorly in the (a) part as they merely mentioned its connection with human rights but failed to fully explain the term. In the (b) part, the candidates were able to correctly mention some core rights/freedoms but failed to explain these core rights and so could not earn the full marks. The candidates were expected to provide the following answers to the question:


  1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) refers to global proclamation

specifying the  rights of individuals.

  1. It is the primary international expression of the fundamental/inalienable rights of

members of the human race.

  1. It was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization on

December 10, 1948 in Paris, France.
                        (iv)       The Charter consists of thirty (30) articles on Human Rights.
                        (v)        It also has core freedoms.


  1. Right to life, liberty and security of person.
  2. The right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
  3. The right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State.

                        (iv)     The right to freedom of opinion and expression.
                        (v)      The right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
(vi)     Everyone is entitled in full equality to fair and public hearing.

  1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
  2. The right to own property alone as well as in association with others.

                        (ix)       The right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
(x)        The right to an effective remedy by competent national tribunals/law
(xi)       The right of an individual to leave and return to any country            including his/her own.
(xii)      The right of an individual to flee persecution and seek asylum in other
(xiii)     The right to a nationality.
(xiv)     The right to marry and to found a family.
(xv)      The right of an individual to take part in the government of his/her
(xvi)     The right to social security.
(xvii)    The right to work.
(xviii)   The right to education.
(xix)     The right to freely participate in the cultural life of the community.
(xx)      The right to the protection of moral and material interests.
(xxi)     No one shall be held in slavery or servitude.
(xxii)    No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment.
(xxiii)   All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination
to equal protection of the law. 
(xxiv)   No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
(xxv)    No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act        or omission which did not constitute a penal offence.
(xxvi)   No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his /her privacy,      family, home or correspondence, or to attacks upon his /her honour and       reputation.
(xxvii)  Everyone is entitled to social and international order.




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